Category Archives: Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) In India

Online Dispute Resolution In India Got Techno Legal Boost

Use of information and communication technology (ICT) for dispute resolution has become an indispensable part of dispute resolution process these days. For instance, dispute resolution in technology transactions, dispute resolution of cross border technology transactions, online dispute resolution for cross border e-commerce transactions, etc proves this point.

ICT has further increased the efficiency and benefits of ADR. Now the newer concepts like cyber arbitration, cyber mediation, online dispute resolution (ODR), etc have emerged.

Trans border e-commerce activities and business activities mandate that there must be an effective, timely and suitable ADR and ODR mechanism in place where business have to be established. This correlation of foreign direct investment and ADR and ODR is not only direct but also very remunerative. Absence of effective ADR and ODR mechanism may prove detrimental to the valuable foreign exchange.

There must be clear legal standards for online dispute resolution for cross-border electronic transactions in India and world wide. Online dispute resolution in India and e-commerce dispute resolution in India are going to be needed in future. Even e-courts in India must be established.

Perry4Law and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) are managing exclusive Techno Legal ADR and ODR Services in India and World wide. Further, PTLB is also managing the best Techno Legal ADR and ODR Research and Training Centre of India and World wide. The best part is that these ADR and ODR initiatives have been “Integrated” with an allied and very promising field known as E-Courts Consultancy and Training Centre of India.

To provide holistic and coordinating activities regarding ADR and ODR, Perry4Law and PTLB have been providing the exclusive Techno Legal Online Dispute Resolution Services in India and world wide.

Persons or institutions interested in having a joint project, sponsorship, partnership, tie up, association, memorandum of understanding (MOU), etc may contact us in this regard.

Cyber Arbitration In India

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in India has a history of more than 60 years with the Arbitration Act 1940 as one of the initial laws in this regard. The 1940 act was repealed by the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996.

This has, however, not produced much change in the ADR law of India. The backlog of civil cases keeps on increasing despite the 1996 Act. This is due to the fact that there are many legal, procedural and fundamental weaknesses in the 1996 Act.

The 1996 Act is in the process of reformulation and there are numerous lacunas that must be removed in the next ADR law of India. The Parliament of India has, however, a serious limitation while formulating ADR laws. It is not much aware of the information and communication technology (ICT) related issues of ADR.

Cyber arbitration is one such aspect. Cyber arbitration is popularly known as online dispute resolution (ODR) in India. ODR is a better and improved form of ADR provided India is willing to encash its benefits.

The problem is there are very few ODR institutions in India. Even lesser are ODR experts who can resolve technical, legal and other scientific disputes in an online environment. Even the national litigation policy of India (NLPI) failed to address this issue.

There is no doubt that formulating good techno-legal ODR practices and regulations require tremendous expertise. There are few ODR providers who can assist the Indian government in this regard.

Source: Cyber Laws In India

Dispute Resolution In Technology Transactions

Technology transactions are being entered into and transacted world over. These technology transactions have global impact and global ramifications. However, when it comes to disputes resolution, global transactions have their own problems.

Since there are numerous jurisdictions involved in technology transactions, it is always better to decide in advance the resolution method of any possible future technology transactions disputes.

Dispute resolution of cross border technology transactions is a complicated process if we adopt traditional litigation methods to resolve them. Dispute resolution in technology transactions and dealings requires an effective, timely and cost effective mechanism. Traditional litigation is definitely not the place to achieve these objectives.

Obviously, we need an effective alternative to traditional litigation methods to resolve cross border technology transactions and dispute resolutions. Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms like arbitration, conciliation, mediation, etc can be used effectively to resolve these technology transactions disputes.

However, even ADR has its own limitations as compared to technology driven dispute resolution mechanisms. These days online dispute resolution (ODR) is increasingly considered as a viable option for resolving various disputes. Technology transactions disputes can be effectively resolved using ODR techniques.

For instance, online dispute resolution (ODR) for cross border e-commerce transactions is already been used to resolved small value disputes. Very soon ODR may be extended for high value disputes and other category of disputes. Similarly, domain name disputes resolution is also effectively resolved through ODR mechanism by many individuals and organisations world over.

ODR at the international level needs to be strengthened. For this we need an international harmonisation of ODR legal framework as well as suitable policies at the national level. Efforts in this direction have already been undertaken at the international level and very soon we may see some development in this regard.

Source: Techno Legal Online Dispute Resolution Services

E-Commerce Dispute Resolution In India

Electronic commerce brings both comforts and discomforts to its users. The comforts include on the spot sales and purchase, competitive costs, convenience, saving of time, etc. The discomforts include frauds and cyber crimes committed against e-commerce users. At times there are disagreements and dissatisfactions as well among buyers and purchasers that cannot be resolved using traditional litigation methods.

This is the reason why we need alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanism to resolve e-commerce disputes in India. E-commerce regulations and laws in India are limited in nature and this does not allow use of ADR mechanisms and technology driven solutions. For instance, while European Union and other nations are increasingly using online dispute resolution (ODR) for resolving many aspects of e-commerce disputes yet online dispute resolution (ODR) in India is still not known.

Similarly, establishment of e-courts in India can also facilitate early and effective e-commerce disputes resolutions in India. However, till October 2012 we are still waiting for the establishment of first e-court in India. E-courts and ODR in India are urgently required to reduce backlog of cases and for reducing increasing pressure upon traditional courts. E-courts and ODR can also help in e-commerce disputes resolutions in India.

Some of the areas where we must pay special attention include technology related dispute resolution in India, film, media and entertainment industry dispute resolution in India, cross border e-commerce dispute resolution in India, etc. E-courts and ODR can be effectively used for all the abovementioned purposes.

E-commerce players in India have many techno legal obligations to follow and cyber law due diligence in India is one such obligation. Not only legal requirements for undertaking e-commerce in India are stringent but even Internet intermediaries liability in India must be taken seriously by companies engaged in online transactions and businesses.

Realising that cyberspace can bring many commercial benefits; both individuals and companies are ensuring that they have strong online presence. More and more brand promotion and protection in India are done these days in an online environment. Companies and individuals are also ensuring domain name protection in India so that their reputation and goodwill is not misappropriated by others. Brand protection, reputation management and domain name cyber squatting disputes are at rise and the same can be resolved using e-courts and ODR in India.

However, there is a general lack of awareness regarding use of e-courts and ODR for e-commerce disputes resolution. Further, there are very few e-commerce lawyers and law firms in India that can provide expert services in this regard. E-commerce players must also be aware that other laws, including intellectual property laws, can make these e-commerce players labile for civil and criminal actions. For instance, these e-commerce players can be held liable for online infringement of copyright in India of the copyright owners. Similarly, if any person posts an offending material at the e-commerce site or otherwise deal with the e-commerce site in an illegal manner, the e-commerce site owner may find himself in trouble.

Perry4Law and Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) strongly recommend that before opening an e-commerce website or business, the owner of the same must consult a good techno legal law firm that can advice him upon all the possible and applicable aspect of e-commerce laws in India. Further, Perry4Law and PTLB also recommend active use of e-courts and ODR in India for resolving e-commerce disputes resolutions in India and corporate disputes in India.

We also believe that more effective and useful e-commerce laws in India must be formulated that expressly deal with e-commerce aspects in India. Let us hope that these suggestions would be implemented by Indian government very soon.

Source: Corporate Laws In India

Online Dispute Resolution In India

Online dispute resolution in India (ODR in India) is an important part of Legal Enablement of ICT Systems in India and Legal Framework for Information Society in India. Legal enablement of ICT systems helps in establishing a transparent, efficient, accountable and effective legal and judicial system by utilising various ICT mechanisms.

Besides Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) In India other facets of legal enablement of ICT systems in India include establishment of e-courts in India or e-judiciary in India and online arbitration in India. However, at the end of October 2012 we are still waiting for the establishment of first e-court of India and there are very few online arbitration and online dispute resolution service providers in India.

At Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) we are managing the exclusive Techno Legal Centre of Excellence for Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) in India (TLCEODRI). Further, PTLB is also providing the exclusive Techno Legal Online Dispute Resolution Services in India. The exclusive Techno Legal Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) Centre of India is also managed by PTLB.

Some of the emerging areas in India in these directions are Domain Name Dispute Resolution in India, Corporate Disputes and Online Dispute Resolution in India, International Commercial Arbitration in India and ODR, E-Commerce Dispute Resolution in India, International Online Dispute Resolution, Dispute Resolution in Technology Transactions, Online Commercial Arbitration In India, Online Dispute Resolution Standards Of Practice For India And Asia, Legal Standards For Online Dispute Resolution For Cross-Border Electronic Transactions, Dispute Resolution Of Cross Border Technology Transactions, UNCITRAL, ODR And India, Online Dispute Resolution And Cross Border E-Commerce Transactions, etc.

While International Response to Online Dispute Resolution is pretty good yet Indian response in this regard is far from satisfactory. In fact, ODR In India Is Facing Severe Legal Roadblocks. At the international level as well, International Harmonisation Of ODR Is Required. International Legal Standards For Online Dispute Resolution must be urgently formulated.

On the front of regulatory environment and disputes resolution as well, India has to make necessary changes in its regulatory environment. The commercial disputes issues that affect foreign investors operating in India may include inadequate handling of statutory legal compliances by the Indian partner, management control i.e. (Indian corporate laws over ride any private contractual terms between the joint venture partners, unless such terms are addressed and reflected in the Articles of Association of the company) and protection of intellectual property rights, and double tax issues.  Foreign investors may take pre-emptive steps against frivolous litigation (criminal charges) by including suitable arbitration clauses in their agreements.

Thus a practical aspect to consider may be uniformity and alignment between applicable law, rules, venue and forum for arbitration, enforcement of foreign judgments and awards in India, apart from logistics of perhaps having to manage multi-jurisdictional legal teams, including costs.

National and international ODR and e-courts stakeholders may contact us with their concrete proposals of they wish to collaborate with us on our techno legal ODR and e-courts projects.

Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) In India

Online dispute resolution (ODR) is a viable and cost effective mechanism to resolve disputes. It can be used for both traditional litigation purposes as well as for resolving private disputes. Since technology is used for resolving disputes, parties located at different jurisdictions can resolve their disputes without even leaving their place of residence.

Online dispute resolution (ODR) in India is one area that requires policy level attention. ODR can help in reducing litigation time span and costs. Further, ODR can also help in reducing burden from traditional courts.

Perry4Law and Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB) have been working in the direction of legal enablement of ICT systems in India and world wide and legal enablement of e-governance in India and abroad.

It has been almost a decade of our working in the fields like ODR and establishment of e-courts in India. ODR can also be used by Domain Name Dispute Resolution Service Providers in India and abroad. Even the International Commercial Arbitration in India and ODR are interrelated. E-Commerce Dispute Resolution in India can also be done by using ODR. Corporate Disputes and Online Dispute Resolution in India are also related concepts.

E-Courts and ODR in India are needed and we must urgently start working in this crucial direction. While International Online Dispute Resolution is developing yet no such development is taking place in India. The International Response to Online Dispute Resolution is still of indifference.

Areas like Dispute Resolution in Technology Transactions, Entertainment and Media Industry Disputes Resolutions in India,  E-Courts and ODR in India, Domain Name Dispute Resolution In India, Cyber Squatting Dispute Resolution In India, Electronic Commerce Dispute Resolution In India, Online Dispute Resolution And Cross Border E-Commerce Transactions, Dispute Resolution Of Cross Border Technology Transactions, Legal Standards For Online Dispute Resolution For Cross-Border Electronic Transactions, Online Commercial Arbitration In India, etc need special attention.

Perry4Law and PTLB have also launched some dedicated initiatives in the fields of e-courts and ODR. These are as follows:

(1) Electronic Courts: This initiative would provide e-courts services to national and international organisations, governments, companies, individuals, etc. At this platform you would be able to resolve your disputes through use of techno legal methods and procedures.

(2) E-Judiciary: This initiative would provide research, policy formulations, training, consultancy, project execution support, etc to various national and international stakeholders. It would cover areas like e-courts, e-judiciary, legal enablement of ICT in courts and judiciary, etc.

(3) ODR India: This is an India specific platform that would resolve various inter party disputes in an online environment. Techno legal methods and procedures would be used to resolve various disputes through Arbitration, Conciliation, Mediation and other similar methods.

(4) Online Arbitration: This initiative would provide ODR services to world at large. Individuals, organisations, companies, etc may resolve their disputes through this platform by using our techno legal dispute resolution services.

India needs to adopt ODR and establish e-courts to strengthen its judicial system. Further, establishment of e-courts in India and ODR capabilities would further benefit litigants and parties to the dispute. We hope our initiatives would prove useful to all the stakeholders.